Destination Information- Egypt
Global Sojourn’s trips are designed to be unique, memorable and meaningful. To get the most out of your experience, it helps to prepare for your trip by learning about the history, culture, political and socio-economic issues of the areas you’re visiting.
Check out the reading list for suggestions of good books on the areas you’ll be visiting, and feel free to contact us if you’d like additional suggestions.
We don’t want to overwhelm you with information, so instead of sending you loads of links to articles, journals and other sources, we’ve chosen a few to share with you here. We also invite you to let us know if you have any specific requests for information.
We love helping our clients dig deeper so you can have a more profound experience and greater engagement with the people and places you visit.
- Full name: Arab Republic of Egypt
- Population: 77.4 million
- Capital: Cairo
- Area: 1,010,000 square kilometers (390,000 sq miles)
- Major languages: Egyptian Arabic and English (with a variety of other languages spoken)
- Major religions: Muslim (88%) and Christian (12%) (mostly Coptic)
- Monetary unit: Egyptian Pound (EGP)
- Time zone: Easter European Time (EET); Eastern European Summer Time (EEST)
- People: Egyptians are by far the largest ethnic group in Egypt at 91% of the total population. Ethnic minorities include the Abazas, Turks, Greeks, Bedouin Arab tribes living in the eastern deserts and the Sinai Peninsula, the Berber-speaking Siwis of the Siwa Oasis, and the Nubian communities clustered along the Nile. There are also tribal communities of Beja concentrated in the south-eastern-most corner of the country, and a number of Dom clans mostly in the Nile Delta and Faiyum who are progressively becoming assimilated as urbanization increases.
- Geography: Less than 4% of Egypt’s territory consists of cultivated land; the rest is desert. As a result, 99% of the population live on only 3.5% of the land, mostly along the Nile River Valley and fertile delta. The Nile, like an elongated oasis, cuts Egypt from south to north for a distance of almost 900 miles from Wadi Halfa on the Sudan border to Cairo. There the river divides into two main branches, each 150 miles long.